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About Turks and Caicos

The Turks and Caicos are located southeast of one of the islands of the Bahamas and have a population of 45,000. Over half of the population of the Turks and Caicos resided on the island of Providenciales. The Turks and Caicos Islands have a dry, sunny marine tropical climate.

The official language of the Turks and Caicos Islands is English. Turks and Creole Islands Creole is also spoken in the Islands. Immigration from neighbouring islands such as Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Cuba has resulted in relatively large populations of Haitian, Dominican and Cuban populations. Out of the 30 islands which make up the Turks and Caicos Islands, only about 8 are inhabited. Various religions are practiced in the Turks and Caicos.

The Turks and Caicos Islands comprise two sets of islands, the Turks Islands and the Caicos Islands. The Turks and Caicos Islands have the status of the British Overseas Territory and the capital is Cockburn Town which is found on the islands of Grand Turk. The Queen of England is represented by a governor who is appointed by the Queen. The first constitution of the Turks and Caicos Islands was adopted in 1976. The constitution of the Turks and Caicos Islands was amended and readopted in 2009. The current governor of the Turks and Caicos Islands British-appointed, as a stop was put to the level of independence exercised by the government of the Turks and Caicos Islands.

The legal system of the Turks and Caicos Islands is based on common law. There are a total of 6 administrative divisions which are governed by commissioners in the Turks and Caicos Islands, while there are fifteen districts for electoral purposes. The House of Assembly of the Turks and Caicos Islands has one chamber and has a total of twenty-one seats. The judiciary of the Turks and Caicos Islands is administered by the Supreme Court of the Turks and Caicos. Final appeals in the Turks and Caicos Islands are conducted by the Privy Council’s Judicial Committee, while regular appeals are conducted in the court of appeal in the Turks and Caicos Islands.