Singapore is formally known as the Republic of Singapore. Four official languages are spoken in Singapore, namely Chinese, English, Malay and Tamil. Singapore was once a colony of Britain, and gained independence in 1965. Singapore was also used as the principal base for naval activities of the British in East Asia and maintained the biggest dry dock worldwide.
As early as 1869, Singapore has already gained popularity and importance from the Suez Canal which was built and resulted in many economic trade benefits for Singapore. The Canal made Port Singapore one of the biggest and advanced internationally at that time. From then, Singapore’s importance as a hub for trade and commerce was established.
The legal system of the Republic of Singapore is based on common law, but has been in many ways adapted to Singapore. Parliament is based on the Westminster system, is unicameral, and legislates as the legislative branch of government. The executive branch of the Government of Singapore comprises the Cabinet, the Prime Minister and President. The parliament of Singapore has members who are elected and nominated, as well as those who do not represent constituencies.
Singapore comprises some sixty-three islands, Singapore being the principal one. Currently, Singapore has a total land area of 272 miles², which represents an increase from 224.5 miles² as was measured in the 60’s. This increase in land area of Singapore comes as a result of various projects which have been conducted in Singapore to reclaim land. These projects may usually consist of joining small, closely located islands in order to achieve greater levels of functionality and better administration. Some areas in Singapore are declared nature reserves to preserve rainforest most of which has been lost to development and expanding urban areas. Nature reserves in Singapore account for 5% of Singapore.
Seasons in Singapore are not clear cut and the climate is that of tropical rainforest. Singapore sees a lot of rainfall during the year and experiences high humidity but temperatures are usually stable. The warmest months in Singapore are April and May while rainfall is most likely from November to January during which time the monsoon season occurs in Singapore.
In 2011, the population of Singapore was about 5.18 million, a significant portion of whom, roughly 37% are foreign workers and expats. Singapore is said to be home of the highest percentage of millionaires in the world. The main religion of Singapore is considered tp be Buddhism for which 33% of the Singapore population declare themselves partakers of this faith. Other religions in Singapore are Islam, Hinduism, Christianity and Taoism.