Jersey is located a bit off the Normandy coast and has a population of approximately 97,857, according to 2011 figures. Saint Hélier, the only town in Jersey houses about 34 percent of Jersey’s population. Jersey is considered the biggest island in the chain of Channel Islands. Jersey has a total land area of 46 miles².Jersey has a temperate climate and does not experience harsh winters. Summers are generally cool.
Jersey is an island and is formally known as the Bailiwick of Jersey, and comprises two groups of small islands, including rocks and reefs. The tradition language spoken in Jersey is Jèrriais, which has close links with the French language. Jèrriais was the first language spoken in Jersey but English has become the main form of communication. Jersey is a Crown Dependency but does not form part of the UK or the European Union, and is self-governing. The UK is however responsible for matters of defense and diplomatic representation in Jersey. Jersey belongs to the European Union Customs Union of the European Community and is a member of the British-Irish Council.
Legally, Jersey exercises its own jurisdiction from the United Kingdom and the other Channel Islands. Though most part of Jersey law is based in common law, Norman customary law and civil practices from French law have their influences in Jersey legal system. It is therefore safe to describe Jersey legal system as pluralistic.
Jersey has 12 parishes which carry the names of saints found in the Christian faith. ome of the parishes in Jersey are Saint Clément, Saint Mary, Saint Brélade, Saint John, Trinity, Saint Saviour and Saint Peter. Each parish in Jersey has divisions known as ‘vingtaines’ which are of historical importance to Jersey and serve mainly for administrative and electoral purposes. Every parish in Jersey has its ‘Connétable’ who is responsible for administration and serves a four year term.
Much of the history of Jersey has been influenced by its location between France and England which is strategic. In the late 16th century residents of Jersey traveled the North Atlantic to be part of the Newfoundland fisheries, for which Charles granted to the bailiff and governor of Jersey at the time, a portion of land which is located between the Delaware and Hudson rivers. This area is now called New Jersey in the United States.