The Bailiwick of Guernsey is a British Crown dependency located off the coast of Normandy. Guernsey has its own 10 administrative parishes, but forms part of a Bailiwick which include Alderney, Sark, Herm, Lihou and Jethou. Together, the Bailiwick of Guernsey and the Bailiwick of Jersey form the Channel Islands.
Guernsey has a total area of 63.4 km², and together with Herm and Sark plus other small islands in the archipelago, consists of a total area of 78km². Guernsey is divided into two principle areas topographically, namely Bas Pas which is a low lying area to the north of Guernsey, and Haut Pas which is a high plateau area in the south of Guernsey. Due to this topography, it is found that Bas Pas is more heavily populated and active in terms of industrial activity.
Guernsey has a climate which is known for mild winters and sunny summer months. July and August, in particular are the warmed months of the year, while the winter which goes on through February has its coldest period during that month for Guernsey. Snow is rare in Guernsey but normally would appear in the most of February should it fall. November, December and January are the months for highest levels of precipitation in Guernsey.
Guernsey has a rich cultural background which is shaped by Anglo-French influences. French influence in Guernsey is very strong, as D’Gernesiais is still spoken fluently by residents of Guernsey, while many surnames and street names are a mix of French and English.
Farming and fishing have always played an important role in Guernsey. Due to Guernsey’s strategic location however, maritime activities continue to be central to life in Guernsey. Shipbuilding and coastal trade with surrounding countries made Guernsey an important transshipment point. Guernsey’s history is full of pirate and privateer story due to this coastal life and feature of the island.
Guernsey has a population of 62,915 according to 2011 figures. The education system of Guernsey is based on the British system. Guernsey adopted England’s National Curriculum, the A Level program and General Certificate of Secondary Education.