Bermuda is British overseas territory and comprises about 181 flat islands in the North Atlantic Ocean with a total area of 20.6 miles². Main Island is the largest of the islands and is frequently simply referred to as Bermuda. Another name for Bermuda or Bermuda Islands is Somers Islands.
The climate of Bermuda is subtropical and humid. Westerlies bring warmth to Bermuda and help keep very cold winter temperatures down. The months in Bermuda are hot and the winter season can be windy, with sudden falls in temperature due to cold fronts. The location of Bermuda in the Gulf Stream makes the possibility of hurricanes high, however due to the small size of the Bermuda Islands, direct hit by hurricanes have been rare. Rainfall accounts for the main source of fresh water in Bermuda.
Bermuda was landed upon by Juan de Bermudez in 1505 that was of Spanish origin. The Bermuda Islands were named after him. Bermuda was thus first claimed for Spain, but many of the Bermuda Islands remained untouched by Spanish settlers due to the reefs found around the Bermuda Islands.
It was in the early 1600’s that a settlement was founded in name of the English colonial empire. Bermuda was added to the list of Crown Colonies of the British after the Kingdom of Scotland and England united in the formation of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. This makes Bermuda one of the oldest colonies of the Crown as a result. The Queen of England is represented by the Governor of Bermuda. A Deputy Governor is also appointed in Bermuda, and areas such as external affairs and defense are taken care of by the UK. Amendments to the Constitution of Bermuda must first receive the consent of the UK.
Bermuda has a total of 9 parishes and 2 municipalities. The parishes of Bermuda are Devonshire, Paget, St. George’s, Sandy’s, Hamilton, Smith’s, Warwick, Southampton and Pembroke.