Barbados is a former British colony and has a legal system based on common law. Evidence of Barbados British heritage can be seen in the architecture of Barbados, churches and historical buildings. Culture in Barbados is however mixed due to the introduction of slavery and other peoples in Barbados over time. The island of Barbados was first settled by the Arawak Indians, who were chased from the island by the Carib Indians.
Pedro a Campos landed on Barbados in 1536 on his voyage to Brazil. Barbados got its name ‘los Barbados’ from a Campos in reference to the numerous ‘bearded’ fig trees found on the island. In 1625, Barbados was settled as it was uninhabited by Captain John Powell who claimed Barbados for England. In 1625, the first large group of settlers plus ten slaves were brought into Barbados by John Powell’s brother, Henry Powel. Within three years, the total number of settlers on Barbados totaled 2000.
Tobacco and cotton were the first main crops planted on Barbados, but sugar cane was found to be well suited to Barbados, and was soon cultivated on a very large scale in Barbados. Slaves were brought in from Barbados to work the sugar cane plantations in Barbados. The capital of Barbados is Bridgetown. Bridgetown has a combination of modern and historical buildings which make Barbados a very interesting place to visit. Barbados is an island known for its sunny climate. The driest months run from December to May, while rainfall is highest from June to November.
Barbados boasts miles of pristine white sand beaches and lots of entertainment possibilities. Carlisle Bay in Barbados showcases many boat wrecks. Barbados has a total land area of 166 miles² and a total of eleven parishes. The names of the parishes in Barbados are St. Michael, Christchurch, St. Joseph, St. James, St. Peter, St. Philip, St. Lucy, St. George, St. Thomas, St. John and St. Andrew. English is the official language of Barbados. Barbados is not volcanic and is mainly limestone. Barbados total population, according to World Bank 2011 estimates, is 273,925. Barbados population is a mix of Afro-Caribbean, Lebanese, Chinese Barbadian, Indo-Guyanese and Syrian.